Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim:
Earthquakes come to shake us sinners out of our ghaflah, just like one shakes a sleeping person to wake him up.
The earth is shaken up when the hearts of humans stop shaking because of [fear/khashiyah]Allah swt.
It comes in a hadith that once there was an earthquake in the time of Nabi Kareem sallAllahu alayhe wassallam. He put his hand on the earth and told it to stop because the hukm for you (i.e. the earth) to shake has not come yet. Then he SallAllahu alayhe wassallam turned his attention towards the Sahabah karam (RA) and said your Lord wants you to make taubah, so you should make taubah.
What should we do when an earthquake comes?
Hadrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (rah), when he was Caliph, he sent an order to different areas of his caliphate, saying that in case of an earthquake, they should do four things.
1. Acknowledge your sins, make istighfaar and true taubah
2. Make individual duas to Allah swt, whether at home or in masajid
3. If you want, gather in an open area and make ijtimaii (combined) dua to Allah swt
4. Give sadaqah, for it delays calamities
What duas should we make now?
Make those duas that come in the Qu’ran Kareem. When various nations or Anbiya (alayhe salam) faced difficult situations, they made duas to be saved from them. We should make the same duas.
1. Dua of Adam alayhe salam
Surah A’raf, Verse 23
رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
They said: Our Lord! We have been unjust to ourselves, and if You forgive us not, and have (not) mercy on us, we shall certainly be of the losers.
2. Dua of Hud alayhe salam
Surah Hud, Verse 47:
وَإِلَّا تَغْفِرْ لِي وَتَرْحَمْنِي أَكُن مِّنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
And if You do not forgive me and have mercy on me, I should be of the losers.
3. Dua of Yunus alayhe salam
Surah Al-Anbiya, Verse 8
لا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ
We should do the following things immediately:
1. Encourage people to do good deeds, discourage them from bad deeds
2. Start reciting inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon. This is to be recited at times of calamities
3. Help those in distress
4. Make true taubah
May Allah swt shower his special rehmah upon the entire Ummah, Ameen.